Filled Under:

Facts Relating To Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery

By Edward Thomas

Surgery has evolved in a great way in the last few decades. Unlike in the past, when the main objective was to restore functionality, cosmesis appear to carry a lot of significance these days. In Ne York city for example, patients are increasingly requesting for smaller incisions so as to reduce the sizes of scars. This is perhaps what gave rise to laparoscopic surgery and most recently, single incision laparoscopic surgery. In this article we explore what exactly this operation is and what its benefits and downsides are.

Laparoscopic operations have traditionally required three entry ports made in the anterior abdominal wall to facilitate the entry of the laparoscope and the instruments. For single incision surgery, only one of these ports is required for both the laparoscope and the instruments. For this reason, the operation is also known as single port access surgery (SPA) or single port Laparoscopy (SPL).

This operating technique is used for many different conditions. These include, among others, gall bladder removal, appendectomy, hernia repair, pelvic operations such as the removal of the ovary and the uterus. This list is set to increase even further as many surgeons make the switch to the new approach.

There are a number of advantages that are associated with this procedure. One of them is the fact that recovery is faster and many patients can resume their routine duties in a few days. It is also cosmetically superior to the other methods due to the fact that only one incision is used. The main disadvantage is that it is a little more expensive than the other methods due to the high level of specialization needed.

It is important to mention that using the technique is a lot more cumbersome than the traditional methods. Using the same opening for all the instruments may not be that easy for surgeons who are not adequately experienced. This is because instrument crowding obscures the view and the distance from the incision site to the target site is often longer. As a result, the risk of intraoperative injury is higher than in other methods without proper training.

The option is not suitable for persons that are very obese, those with a history of other operations and those with a grossly enlarged abdominal organ. In the event that it is not possible to complete the operation using the single incision, an additional port will be created to proceed with the traditional approach. This happens in 5% to 10% of cases. The open technique may be required in rare circumstances.

In spite of the huge success that is attributable to this type of operation, there are some risks that one should be aware of before signing up for it. Bleeding and infections are the most commonly encounter. However, fewer cases are seen as compared to those associated with open surgery and ordinary laparoscopic operations. Incisional hernias that are fairly common with the open technique are a rare occurrence.

Single incision surgery is a specialist procedure that continues to rise in popularity among surgeons and patients. Due to its minimal invasive nature, the risks that are usually associated with operations are markedly reduced. Gynecology and pediatrics are the two fields of medicine that have readily embraced the technique.

About the Author:


Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...