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Explore Weight Control Options With Bariatric Surgeons NJ Residents Trust

By Olive Pate

Severe obesity is not a problem that many individuals have the ability to fix easily with exercise and diet alone. Many people in Ridgewood, NJ have failed to lose their excess weight even after trying intense physical activity and restricted diets. For some individuals, the obesity is triggering other health problems that interfere with quality of life. Anyone in this situation can get help from bariatric surgeons NJ residents can count on for healthy weight loss.

Bariatric surgery reconfigures the stomach, the intestines, or both in a way that restricts how much food the individual can consume. Some procedures change the way the body absorbs nutrients and calories. All surgeries are effective in promoting healthy weight loss when accompanied by the right lifestyle choices.

Adjustable gastric band surgery is the least invasive of these procedures. The surgeon places a band around the stomach, limiting its capacity to approximately one ounce. Normally, the stomach can hold three pints. The surgeon can inject saline to make the band tighter or looser.

Another option for creating a smaller pouch is gastric bypass surgery. The surgeon staples together the stomach in a way that makes it smaller. The second step involves moving the location where the stomach empties into the small intestine. This bypasses the duodenum, an area within the intestine that is responsible for calorie absorption. Patients lose weight because they fill up with less food and their bodies absorb fewer calories.

Duodenal switch surgery is the most involved and is irreversible because portions of the stomach are removed completely to make the food pouch more compact. The risks of developing complications are the highest after this procedure. This surgery requires a more intense reconfiguration of the intestines to allow food to pass through only a short portion of the small intestines before reaching the large intestines. Because this procedure changes how the body absorbs nutrients, patients must begin a lifelong habit of supplementing the diet with essential minerals and vitamins.

Vertical sleeve gastrectomy is another procedure involving removing stomach tissue. The thin sleeve that remains connects the esophagus to the beginning portion of the small intestines. Patients are unable to eat as much after surgery and have lower levels of ghrelin, the hormone that triggers appetite.

Regardless of which type of surgery bariatric patients decide to have, they have to commit to making lifestyle changes after the procedure that they must follow forever. Most patients will require lifelong medical follow up for careful monitoring of health. All patients must adapt to eating less food, consuming a nutritious diet, and keeping up with a regular exercise routine to achieve long-term success with their weight loss program. Some will require mineral and vitamin supplements to compensate for the body's inability to absorb nutrients.

Health will start to improve almost immediately in many patients, especially those with illnesses directly caused by obesity. Other improvements will show up over time as long as the patient continues to eat healthy foods and exercise on a regular basis. All patients will lower their risk of developing cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and other illnesses.

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